Periodontal disease, also known as gum disease, is a set of inflammatory conditions affecting the tissues surrounding the teeth. In its early stage, called gingivitis, the gums become swollen, red, and may bleed. In its more serious form, called periodontitis in which the gums can pull away from the tooth, bone can be lost, and the teeth may loosen or fall out. Bad breath may also occur.For more information visit https://www.gulfsideperio.com/
Swollen and bleeding gums are early signs that your gums are infected with bacteria. If nothing is done, the infection can spread. It can destroy the structures that support your teeth in your jawbone. Eventually, your teeth can become so loose that they have to be extracted.
Periodontal diseases are infections of the structures around the teeth. These include the gums, the cementum that covers the root, the periodontal ligament and the alveolar bone. In the earliest stage of periodontal disease, gingivitis, the infection affects only the gums. In more severe forms of the disease, all of the supporting tissues are involved.
For many years’ scientists have been trying to figure out what causes periodontal disease. It is now well accepted that bacteria in dental plaque are the major villains. Researchers also are learning more about how an infection in your gums can affect your overall health. The factors causing such disease include smoking, diabetes, HIV or AIDS, family history, and certain medications. Diagnosis can be done by inspecting the gum tissue around the teeth both visually and with a probe and X-rays looking for bone loss around the teeth.
The symptoms include-
- Redness or bleeding of gums while brushing teeth, using dental floss or biting into hard food (e.g., apples)
- Gum swelling
- Spitting out blood after brushing teeth
- Bad breath, and a persistent metallic taste in the mouth
- Loose teeth, in the later stages
Patients should realize gingival inflammation and bone destruction are largely painless. Hence, people may wrongly assume painless bleeding after teeth cleaning is insignificant, although this may be a symptom of progressing periodontitis in that patient.
Treatment for such disease involves good oral hygiene and regular professional teeth cleaning. It is recommended by many doctors that oral hygiene is very important to be maintained which include daily brushing and flossing. In certain cases, antibiotics or dental surgery may be recommended. Globally about 538 million people were estimated to be affected according to the recent studies. It is observed that males are affected more often than females.
Therefore, some of the preventive measures include-
- Daily removal of plaque by tooth brushing
- Regular visits to the dentist/hygienist (once a year)
- Avoidance of behavioral and environmental risk factors (e.g., smoking, stress, poor diet).
Because periodontal disease is linked to an increased susceptibility to systemic disease such as cardiovascular disease, infective endocarditis, bacterial pneumonia, low birth weight, diabetes etc. it is important not only for oral health but also for general health to control periodontal disease.Check this site for more information at https://www.gulfsideperio.com/